Susan Merenstein, Pharmacist/Owner

(412) 586-4678

Sex Steroid Hormones and Their Effects on the Body


  • Creates proliferative endometrium
  • Responsible for female secondary sex characteristics
  • Protects against osteoporosis, heart disease (?), Alzheimer’s disease (?), colon cancer, incontinence, and tooth loss and decay
  • Increases levels of serotonin and endorphins, as well as other neurotransmittors
  • Enhances sleep, emotional well-being, mental acuity and focus, memory, attention span, communication ability, sensory function (vision, hearing, taste, touch, and smell), digestion, libido, and skin tone
  • Relieves menopausal symptoms and depression
  • Increases tolerance to pain
  • Necessary for fertility
  • Creates Progesterone receptors
  • Increases risk of breast, endometrial, and prostate cancers, and autoimmune disorders
  • Increases salt and fluid retention, body fat, and blood clotting
  • May reduce cell oxygen levels
  • Can interfere with thyroid hormone and function


  • Maintains secretory endometrium
  • Necessary to fertility and maintaining pregnancy- allows embryo to survive
  • Has a calming effect
  • Enhances mood
  • Regulates fluid balance, acts as a natural diuretic
  • Increases energy and libido
  • Balances blood sugar, thyroid function, and mineral balance (zinc/copper ratio)
  • Relieves menopausal symptoms
  • Decrease risk of endometrial cancer and may help protect against breast cancer, fibrocystic breasts, and osteoporosis (stimulates osteoblast bone building)
  • Restores proper cell oxygen levels
  • Increases sensitivity of the estrogen receptor
  • Helps utilize fat for energy
  • Helps prevent prostate cancer


  • Women make 1/10th the Testosterone of men-ovaries supply 50%, adrenal glands supply 50%- levels slowly decline starting at age 35
  • Increases energy and libido and orgasmic response
  • Decreases body fat, builds muscle and promotes muscle tone
  • Enhances sense of well-being, mood, memory, and structural integrity of the brain
  • Helps strengthen bone
  • Increases levator ani support and control of sphincters
  • Protects against plaque in blood vessels
  • Promotes higher nitric oxide, a naturally occurring substance that helps keep blood vessels dilated and open


  • Is the precursor to Estrogens and Testosterone in our bodies
  • Helps protect against heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer’s, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Can increase and enhance energy levels, libido, memory, and immunity
  • Protects against the effects of stress
  • Aids weight loss and healing of burns
  • Helps to prevent wrinkles and dry eyes


  • Helps in responding and coping with stress, trauma, infection, and environmental extremes
  • Increases energy and metabolism
  • Helps regulates blood pressure
  • Enhances the integrity of blood vessels
  • Reduces allergic and inflammatory response